Adrenaline junkies seek the chemical high of this hormone rushing through their body. This thrill is made possible by adrenoceptors, proteins that bind adrenaline, and belong to the G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) family pictured. Drugs called beta blockers are used to obstruct adrenoceptors. Blocking the β1 adrenoceptor (circled in blue), which when activated causes our hearts to race, is helpful in treating heart failure and high blood pressure. Some people carry a mutant β1 adrenoceptor that binds certain beta blockers better than others. By solving the structure of the mutant adrenoceptor while it’s being blocked scientists can now figure out why this is the case. This research is possible due to the pioneering studies into GPCRs led by Robert Lefkowitz and Brian Kobilka; honoured a week ago today with the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Kobilka solved the first structure of a human GPCR - the β2 adrenoceptor (circled in red).
Written by Lux Fatimathas
BPoD stands for Biomedical Picture of the Day. Managed by the MRC London Institute of Medical Sciences the website aims to engage everyone, young and old, in the wonders of biomedicine. Images are kindly provided for inclusion on this website through the generosity of scientists across the globe.