Simulating how magnets affect iron-containing liquids – ferrofluids – with potential for biomedical application
Simulating everything from air traffic to the spread of viruses, computer models strive for simplicity – to make the most accurate predictions with a minimum of mathematics. This keeps them efficient, flexible, and able to adapt as new information comes along. Here, scientists investigate the fluid dynamics of ferrofluids, solutions containing iron particles that usually slosh about but form a halo of rigid spikes when placed in a magnetic field. They make these spiky simulations of ferrofluid twanging between unseen electromagnets “simply” by simulating molecules on the liquid’s surface (without the need to consider the whole volume of fluid). They can now extend their model, perhaps to predicting how magnets of different strengths affect ferrofluids, investigating their use in nanomedicine or as new MRI scans.
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