Medical Research Council - London Institute of Medical Sciences

Now in our 10th year of bringing you beautiful imagery from biomedical science every day

Food Allergy Awareness Week Against the Grain

Wheat proteins called ATIs role in non-coeliac wheat sensitivity – measuring levels to select low ATI cultivars

10 May 2020

Against the Grain

Wheat has sustained the human race for centuries as a source of carbohydrates, fibre and nutrients. Historically, wheat grain would be harvested by hand then manually ground and sieved to make flour (pictured), a process that's nowadays performed by combine harvesters and automated mills. While most protein found in wheat grain is gluten, the culprit for coeliac disease, other proteins called amylase trypsin inhibitors (ATIs) have in recent years emerged as playing a role in non-coeliac wheat sensitivity and bakers’ asthma. Scientists in Australia have measured levels of 18 ATIs found in Australian wheat, by first separating ATIs from a mixture of wheat proteins then identifying their structure based on their mass. It’s hoped that this work will contribute towards establishing a reference map for wheat ATIs, providing guidance to breeders to develop wheat with low ATI content and to food manufacturers to detect ATIs in their products.

Today marks the start of Food Allergy Awareness Week

Written by Soumya Perinparajah

Search The Archive

Submit An Image

What is BPoD?

BPoD stands for Biomedical Picture of the Day. Managed by the MRC London Institute of Medical Sciences the website aims to engage everyone, young and old, in the wonders of biomedicine. Images are kindly provided for inclusion on this website through the generosity of scientists across the globe.

Read More

BPoD is also available in Catalan at with translations by the University of Valencia.